Barlig is one of the 10 Municipalities in the Mountain Province, Cordillera Administrative Region, Philippines. The Government census describe it as a 5th class municipality with a population of 6,168 people in 1,425 households in 2007. It has a number of registered voters of 4,069 as of 2009.
Barlig is divided into (11) eleven barangays under (3) three cluster areas namely:
1. Barlig –
Bgy. Gawana-Poblacion or Central Barlig (The Seat of the Municipal Government)
2. Lias –
Bgy. Lias -Silangan
3. Kadaclan –
Barlig was earlier called as Eastern Bontoc when it was still a subprovince of Bontoc (906-1966), the capital of Mt. Province. This was later separated and had it’s own government and officially named Barlig. In local term, Barlig is called “Fiallig”, from the root and original name “Fialikia”.
Barlig is located on the eastern side of Mt. Province, together with the Municipality of Natonin and Paracelis. Barlig can be reached through a 2 hour Jeepney ride in a distance of about 30 Kms from Bontoc.
The people of Barlig are Igorot, a tribe named for the Indigenous People of the Cordillera Administrative Region in the North Central of the Philippines. The mountains surrounding Barlig are connecting to Bontoc, Sadanga, and closely to Natonin of which we associate our subtribe as the Balangaos. Barlig Mountains are also closely joined to the Mountains and boundaries of Banaue, Ifugao Province. With these location, the practices and culture have influence each other and thus sharing the common characteristic, beauty and pride of the Igorot Tribe.
Locally, the people of Barlig call themselves “Ifiallig”, referring to someone who was born, or have roots, or sometimes lived or grown in the village. Sometimes the people from Lias call themselves as “I-Lias”, and those from Kadaclan call themselves “Ekachakran”. Nonetheless, they all belong to the whole municipality of Barlig. Interestingly, there are some differences among them, especially on the language they speak, probably little differences on customs as well.
The people of Barlig speak their own dialect different from the Bontoc, the Kan-kana-ey, the Ifugao or the Balangao. Although there are similarities and even can understand each other, there is huge differences that uniquely differentiate them. The Barlig dialect could be classed into three: “Finallig”-as spoken by the town poblacion Barlig; “Linias”- as spoken by the tribe of Lias; and “Kenachakran”- as spoken by the people of Kadaclan. Major differences vary on the word that is used and on the meanings; minor differences could be the intonations. Whatever the degree of complexity on these language differences, it has never been a barrier and they understand each other almost perfectly!
Ilocano is also spoken by the locals, including English and some Tagalog. That means you can’t get lost when you are in Barlig!
The main source of living is Agriculture, mainly rice cultivation and vegetable growing for household consumption. As a village covered by thick forest, hunting was widely practiced in the past, and so thus fishing. Now, these resources are scarce so Illegal Logging and Illegal Fishing is prohibited in the area. The now declining eels of Lias are now especially fished for special meal or treat to visitors. We used to be one of the main exporters of weaven Rattan Backpack or what we call “Pasiking”. Other significant source of income support is employment of permanent or casual workers in the local government. The overseas employment has also improved their own families locally.
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